Characters of the Bible (4of6)

Lesson 4: Major Prophets: Messages and Meanings

Introduction: This lesson delves into the messages of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel, prophets who played crucial roles in shaping Israel’s spiritual landscape.

Relevant Information:

  • Isaiah: Known for his prophecies about the Messiah and a future restoration of Israel.
  • Jeremiah: Called the “weeping prophet,” he warned of Jerusalem’s impending destruction due to the people’s disobedience.
  • Ezekiel: Focused on themes of judgment, hope, and restoration, including the vision of the valley of dry bones.
  • Daniel: Known for his interpretations of dreams and visions about future kingdoms and the end times.


  • Isaiah’s vision in the temple (Isaiah 6), where he sees God in His majesty.
  • Jeremiah’s calling as a young man to be a prophet to the nations (Jeremiah 1).
  • Ezekiel’s vision of the valley of dry bones (Ezekiel 37), symbolizing Israel’s restoration.
  • Daniel in the lions’ den (Daniel 6), showcasing his faithfulness amidst persecution.

Discussion Points with Possible Answers:

  • What are the central messages in Isaiah and Jeremiah’s prophecies?
    • Isaiah: The hope of a coming Messiah and restoration; Jeremiah: Calls for repentance and warnings of impending judgment.
  • How do Ezekiel’s and Daniel’s visions relate to future events?
    • Ezekiel: Visions of restoration and a new temple; Daniel: Prophecies concerning end times and the sovereignty of God over world events.

Related References for Study:

  • Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel: Primary texts of their prophecies.
  • “The Prophets” by Abraham Joshua Heschel: An exploration of the lives and messages of the prophets.
  • Ezekiel 36-37: Key chapters highlighting Ezekiel’s message of hope and restoration.
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